According to the International Headache Society (IHS), there are more than 200 types of headaches. They also fall into the three broad categories primary, secondary and other. The majority of headaches fall under the first category. We know them as tension headaches, migraine, rebound headaches cluster, and headaches. Tension headaches account for 75% of the total. If you’re like most people, headaches are not common and you likely treat them with an over-the counter medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

Tratamientos

Te tomas una pastilla y, si puedes, te tumbas un rato. Algunas personas tienen dolores de cabeza todos los días o varias veces por semana. Hay muchas cosas que puedes hacer para combatir el dolor de cabeza si es tu caso.

  • Lleva un diario - Anota todos los detalles de tus dolores de cabeza. Incluye la hora y el lugar de aparición, lo que estabas haciendo en ese momento, la intensidad y la localización del dolor, la duración y lo que hiciste para aliviarlo. Esto le ayudará a identificar los factores desencadenantes y las combinaciones de factores desencadenantes que pueden causar dolores de cabeza. Los "sospechosos habituales" son ciertos alimentos, ciertos medicamentos, los cambios hormonales (en las mujeres) y las condiciones de trabajo, los cambios de tiempo y las luces brillantes.
  • Control Stress – This area of our lives is something that many people talk about, but few actually do anything about. It is possible to manage stress by setting aside at least two times per day to take a “time-out” and to relax, even if it is just for a few moments. The most important thing is to recognize stress in our daily lives and take steps to reduce it or eliminate it.
  • Pay attention to your diet – Your mother and common sense will tell you that healthy nutrition is essential for feeling and looking great. A balanced diet will help you avoid headaches and keep your blood sugar and magnesium levels at the right level. Your headache diary may reveal certain foods that can trigger headaches, such as red wine and processed meats that contain sodium nitrite (processed beef).
  • Gestiona tu sueño - Hay muchas razones por las que podemos saltarnos el sueño por la noche. Sin embargo, los científicos han demostrado que cuanto más tiempo pasemos durmiendo (8 horas sin leer ni ver la televisión), menos dolores de cabeza experimentaremos. Si no lo consigues, deberías proponerte dormir ocho horas. Si llevas un diario y obtienes buenos resultados, te sentirás motivado para asegurarte de que tienes suficiente tiempo cada noche para descansar en la cama.
  • Exercise – I don’t mean going to the gym and pumping iron six hours a day. Walking briskly three times per week, for at least 20 minutes, is what I mean. It would be ideal to walk for 30 minutes every day. Even if you are unable to fit in the minimum, you can still exercise by taking the stairs, parking further away when you go to work, or running errands, or getting up earlier to walk around the office. Walking is a way to increase blood flow and oxygen to your body’s various organs, which can help reduce headaches. This long-term approach to managing headaches will help you take more control of your health and consult your doctor if you have frequent or severe headaches. This will make headaches less frequent in your life.