Migraine, a neurological disorder, is the most common symptom. It is usually characterized by a severe and disabling episodic headache. Migraine headaches usually cause severe pain on one side or both of the head. The recurring intensity of the pain is indicative of a vascular headache, rather than a tension headache, and it’s not caused by strokes, head injuries, or tumors.

Migraine Headaches

Migraine headaches are a severe type of headache that affects more than 28 million Americans. It is three times more common in women than in men. Sometimes, painful headaches can be preceded by or accompanied with a sensory warning sign like flashes, blind spots, or tingling in the arm or leg.

Other symptoms that can accompany a migraine headache include nausea, vomiting, extreme sensitivity to light or sound, and even extreme sensitivity to light. Migraine pain can be severe and incapacitating for hours or even days. The last ten years have seen a significant improvement in migraine headache management. If you have tried to see a doctor before and were unsuccessful, it is time to schedule another appointment.

Migraine Headaches

Although there is no cure, medication can reduce migraine headaches and stop them from happening. You may be able to make a significant difference by taking the right medications and making lifestyle changes. A migraine headache is a throbbing, pulsating headache that can be unilateral. It is usually associated with nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, sound and smells, sleep disruption, and depression.

Migraine headaches are common and recurrent. They tend to get less severe with age. Changes in the levels of a chemical called serotonin may be responsible for migraine headaches. The body has many functions, and serotonin can affect the blood vessels. Blood vessels shrink (constrict) when serotonin levels rise.

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Blood Vessels

Blood vessels expand (dilate) when serotonin levels drop. This swelling can lead to pain and other problems. There are many things that can affect your body’s level of serotonin, including your blood sugar, certain foods, and changes in estrogen levels if you are a woman. It is not known what causes migraine. It could be caused by a series of reactions within the central nervous system that are triggered by changes in the body and the environment. Many sufferers of migraine have a family history.

This suggests that they may be more sensitive to triggers that cause inflammation in the blood vessels and nerves surrounding the brain. Migraines can be triggered by many factors, including fatigue, stress, tiredness, delayed or missed meals, certain foods and drinks like cheese, chocolate, coffee and tea.

Take Note

  • Avoid any food that appears to be implicated. Later, you can try a small amount of the food again to verify if it is indeed involved.
  • Sometimes, it is helpful to soak your head in cold water and use a cold compress to the forehead.
  • Take a painkiller immediately if you feel the attack is imminent. This may include paracetamol or aspirin.
  • Relaxation and meditation techniques can be very helpful, as well as some complementary therapies.
  • Some over-the-counter remedies contain both a painkiller and an antiemetic, which stops nausea or vomiting.


These are often more effective than the painkiller alone because migraine is often associated with poor absorption and a tendency to keep food and drink in the stomach for longer periods of time (prior to becoming sick).

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