Sunburn is caused by skin becoming parched or burned by ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Sunburn is caused by excessive sun exposure. Excessive sun exposure renders the skin’s protective pigment, melanin, ineffective at protecting it. This can lead to severe skin damage. These burns can also be caused by exposure to welding arcs or tanning lamps.

Skin Damage

Sunburn can cause skin damage to the living tissues, resulting in skin becoming blackened or tanned. After thirty minutes of prolonged sun exposure, the signs of sunburn are evident. Sunburnt people who work in yards, fish, or go to the beach are more likely to get it. All of us have experienced sunburn symptoms at one time or another.

Sunburn can cause severe discomfort but is rarely fatal. Sun poisoning is when sunburn reaches a critical point. Sunburns can lead to skin cancer, which can be fatal. Sunburn can also lead to premature skin aging. Sunburn can also be a problem for people who live near the Equator, as well as those with fair skin, light hair, and those who have had skin injuries, sensitive skin, and those taking certain antibiotics such doxycycline.


Sunburns can be prevented by using sunscreen creams, lotions, umbrellas, broad-brimmed hats, sunglasses, and light-colored clothing.

  • Sunburns can be treated with Aloe Vera or vinegar to relieve pain and inflammation.
  • You can rub mustard oil on the burned areas or let it dry. This will remove the heat from the sun-burnt areas.
  • A soothing treatment for skin that can be used to soothe burnt areas is to rub it with freshly cut cucumber slices.
  • Baking powder can be added to the bath water. This will soothe the skin.
  • Apple cider vinegar can be used to wash sunburnt areas.
  • Peppermint oil or lavender oil could be applied to the skin to improve its appearance.
  • Applying sandalwood paste to burnt areas will relieve the burning sensation.
  • You can mix one part tomato juice with six portions of buttermilk and apply the mixture to burnt areas. After 30 minutes, you should wash it off. This would heal the burns.
  • An easy home remedy for sunburns is to use an ice compress.
  • Sunburn symptoms can be relieved by using an Epsom salt compress.
  • You can get relief by placing grated potato slices on the burns. Starch from potatoes can help restore damaged skin tissues due to sunburns.
  • A herbal bath with lavender essential oil or chamomile in the bath water can provide relief from sunburn pain and itching.
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